Trustless token swap in a Solidity smart contract

Ledger Nano X - The secure hardware wallet

The contract below demonstrate a swap of two tokens between two parties at the same time (atomic).

  • Alice owns token 1
  • Bob owns token 2
  • The function in contract below will execute successfully only if it can swap both tokens at the same exact time

Think about the future possibilities of this type of exchange. This contract eliminates the need of trust between two parties.

Experiment with the contract below and learn the basics of a simple contract. Deploy the contract below to the Ethereum test network using Remix. Try to add another function.

First create a an ERC20 token

import "";

contract MyTokenBob is ERC20 {
    //when deploying pass in the name and symbol
    constructor (string memory name, string memory symbol) ERC20(name, symbol) public {
        //mint 100 tokens to msg.sender
        //similar to how 1 dollar = 100 cents
        //1 token = 1 * (10 ** decimals)
        // Mint 100 tokens with 18 decimals
        _mint(msg.sender, 100 * 10 ** uint(decimals()));

Try it in Remix

Then create the Token Swap Contract

pragma solidity ^0.6.2;

interface IERC20 {

    function totalSupply() external view returns (uint256);
    function balanceOf(address account) external view returns (uint256);
    function transfer(address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);
    function allowance(address owner, address spender) external view returns (uint256);
    function approve(address spender, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);
    function transferFrom(address sender, address recipient, uint256 amount) external returns (bool);
    event Transfer(address indexed from, address indexed to, uint256 value);
    event Approval(address indexed owner, address indexed spender, uint256 value);

contract TokenSwap {
    //create state variables
    IERC20 public token1;
    IERC20 public token2;
    address public owner1;
    address public owner2;
    //when deploying pass in owner 1 and owner 2
        address _token1,
        address _owner1,
        address _token2,
        address _owner2
        ) public {
            token1 = IERC20(_token1);
            owner1 = _owner1;
            token2 = IERC20(_token2);
            owner2 = _owner2;
        //this function will allow 2 people to trade 2 tokens as the same time (atomic) and swap them between accounts
        //Bob holds token 1 and needs to send to alice
        //Alice holds token 2 and needs to send to Bob
        //this allows them to swap an amount of both tokens at the same time
        //*** Important ***
        //this contract needs an allowance to send tokens at token 1 and token 2 that is owned by owner 1 and owner 2
        function swap( uint _amount1, uint _amount2) public {
            require(msg.sender == owner1 || msg.sender == owner2, "Not authorized");
            require(token1.allowance(owner1, address(this)) >= _amount1, "Token 1 allowance too low");
            require(token2.allowance(owner1, address(this)) >= _amount1, "Token 2 allowance too low");
            //transfer TokenSwap
            //token1, owner1, amount 1 -> owner2.  needs to be in same order as function
            _safeTransferFrom(token1, owner1, owner2, _amount1);
            //token2, owner2, amount 2 -> owner1.  needs to be in same order as function
            _safeTransferFrom(token2, owner2, owner1, _amount2);
        //This is a private function that the function above is going to call
        //the result of this transaction(bool) is assigned in a variable called sent
        //then we require the transfer to be successful
        function _safeTransferFrom(IERC20 token, address sender, address recipient, uint amount) private {bool sent = token.transferFrom(sender, recipient, amount);
            require(sent, "Token transfer failed");

Try it in Remix

This code is for learning and entertainment purposes only. The code has not been audited and use at your own risk. Remember smart contracts are experimental and could contain bugs.

Click here for more information about how to use the Ethereum test network and how to obtain test ETH.

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